Dear Haijin, visitors and travelers,
Until now I think our Europe Ginko is a success and I hope to make it even more successful. Today we are visiting Finland, the country were one of our CDHK family members, Hamish "Managua" Gunn, lives. I am sure that he would like to have written this episode, but ... well I was a little bit late to ask him. Sorry my friend. So you have to do with my humble attempt to write about Finland.
Finland ... the land of thousand lakes as it is mentioned here in The Netherlands (and maybe in other countries also). I only know Finland from images and the stories of Hamish, but it seems a wonderful and very beautiful country.
|Flag of Finland|
In 1906, Finland became the second nation in the world to give the right to vote to all adult citizens and the first in the world to give full suffrage to all adult citizens. Following the 1917 Russian Revolution, Finland declared itself independent. In 1918, the fledgling state was divided by civil war, with the Bolshevik-leaning "Reds" supported by the equally new Soviet Union, fighting the "Whites", supported by the German Empire. After a brief attempt to establish a kingdom, the country became a republic. During World War II, the Soviet Union sought repeatedly to occupy Finland, with Finland losing parts of Karelia, Salla and Kuusamo, Petsamo and some islands, but retaining independence. Finland joined the United Nations in 1955 and established an official policy of neutrality. The Finno-Soviet Treaty of 1948 gave the Soviet Union some leverage in Finnish domestic politics during the Cold War era. It joined the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) in 1969, the NATO Partnership for Peace on 1994, the European Union in 1995, the Euro-Atlantic Partnership Council on 1997 and finally the Eurozone at its inception in 1999.
|Northern Lights above Finland|
coloring the skies
a palette of colors
treat of Mother Earth
|Nuuksio National Park, Vihti, Finland|
reflecting in the lake
with Mother Earth
|forests of Finland|
falling in love again -
the silence deepens
|Anselm Hollo (1934-2013)|
Anselm Hollo was born on April 12, 1934, in Helsinki, Finland. He wrote more than thirty books, including the essay collection Caws & Causeries and Notes on the Possibilities and Attractions of Existence: New and Selected Poems 1965-2000 , which recieved the San Francisco Poetry Center's Book Award for 2001.
Hungarian. His translation of Pentii Saarikoski’s Trilogy received the 2004 Harold Morton Landon
Translation Awardfrom the Academy of American Poets. He was a recipient of a National
Endowment for the Arts Fellowship in Poetry, two grants from The Fund for Poetry, and the
Government of Finland’s Distinguished Foreign Translator’s Award.
translation at colleges and universities. He was a professor of Writing and Poetics at Naropa
University in Boulder, Colorado, where he lived with his wife, visual artist Jane Dalrymple-Hollo.
|Nature of Finland|
yearly income tax
our old sun
frozen river …