|credits: Logo Haiku Writing Techniques|
Dear Haijin, visitors and travelers,
It's my pleasure to introduce our new feature Carpe Diem's "Haiku Writing Techniques" in which I will tell you all a little bit more about Haiku Writing Techniques and of course after each episode the task to write a haiku with that Haiku Writing Technique.
This first Haiku Writing Techniques episode is about Juxtaposition or in a more "visible way"; if a waiter served you a whole fish and a scoop of chocolate ice cream on the same plate, your surprise might be caused by the juxtaposition, or the side-by-side contrast, of the two foods.
Any time unlike things bump up against each other, you can describe it as a juxtaposition. Imagine a funeral mourner telling jokes graveside, and you get the idea — the juxtaposition in this case is between grief and humor. Juxtaposition of two contrasting items is often done deliberately in writing, music, or art — in order to highlight their differences.
I often hear that juxtaposition is a key to successful haiku. The contrast of two images in haiku is most often instrumental in creating resonance.
Robert Spiess, editor of 'Modern Haiku', has said the following about juxtaposition in haiku:
[...] “Juxtaposition of entities in haiku cannot be simply the throwing together of just anything; the poet must have the intuition that certain things, albeit of "opposite" characteristics, nonetheless have a resonance with each other that will evoke a revelation when they are juxtaposed in accordance with the time-tested canons and aesthetics of haiku.” [...]
I have heard (of course) about juxtaposition as a Haiku Writing Technique, but I am not aware of using it myself, maybe because I am in a way one with my haiku. There is (however) a last quote of my master Basho which I love to share here with you.
The Master (Basho) said, "A haiku that moves smoothly from the opening five syllables to the end is a superb verse."
Kyorai: "If a poet composes by combining separate things, he can compose many verses and compose them quickly. Beginning poets should know this. But when one becomes an accomplished poet, it is no longer a question of combining or not combining."
|Credits: Juxtaposition (in art)|
I hope this episode (my first real way to teach something) on juxtaposition was clear and helps you to write even better haiku than you all already did. I hope also that you did understand my English, because it's not my maiden language.
I will share a few examples written by classical and non-classical haiku poets in which juxtaposition is used.
long hard rain
hanging in the willows
tender new leaves
© Jane Reichhold
|Credits: Juxtaposition (in art)|
And what do you think of that classic haiku by Basho 'frog pond' ... as I was preparing this episode I "studied" a few haiku by Basho and in a way ... this juxtaposition technique ... revealed the juxtaposition in that world wide well known haiku by Basho:
ancient lake . . .
a frog jumps into it
sound of water
© Basho (Tr. Chèvrefeuille)
to see tears on young leaves
the bright sunlight
as bitten by a Black Mamba -
wind of winter
touches the last flowers -
Ah! that perfume ...
Are these haiku using juxtaposition? I have given it a try to write/compose haiku using this Haiku Writing Technique ... and I hope I succeeded ...
This first episode of Carpe Diem "Haiku Writing Techniques" is open for your submissions tonight at 7.00 PM (CET) and will remain open until January 9th at noon (CET). I will publish our next episode, Mirror Rice Cakes (Kagamimochi), later on. For now ... have fun, good luck and share it with us all.