Dear Haijin, visitors and travelers,
Welcome at the first (delayed) post of our new CDHK month. This month is titled "Rubaiyat, Another Way" and it is all about "The Rubaiyat" by Omar Khayyam, a Persian (nowdays Iranian) poet and scholar. However this month it's mostly about his "The Rubaiyat", a compilation of quatrains. By the way "rubaiyat" means quatrain. Let me first introduce Khayyam to you in a brief biography.
Omar Khayyam (1048 – 1131) was a Persian mathematician, astronomer, and poet. As a scholar, he is most notable for his work on cubic equations and his calendar reform. Omar was born in Nishapur, in northeastern Iran. He moved to Samarkand at a young age and obtained his education there. Afterwards he moved to Bukhara and became established as one of the major mathematicians and astronomers of the Islamic Golden Age. His treatise on algebra (Maqāla fi l-jabr wa l-muqābala) includes a geometric method for solving cubic equations by intersecting a hyperbola with a circle. There is a tradition of attributing poetry to Omar Khayyam, written in the form of quatrains (rubāʿiyāt رباعیات). This poetry became widely known due to the English translation by Edward FitzGerald (Rubaiyat of Omar Khayyam, 1859), which enjoyed great success in the Orientalism of the fin de siècle.
|Cover of the first edition of "The Rubaiyat" published in America (1879)|
|The Sleeve of Night, Edmund Dulac|